EU "impose" Ukraine cleaner air and water, or the environmental component of the Association Agreement with the EU

After the failure in November 2013 to sign an Association Agreement with the EU in Ukraine, first initiated by the former government, far forefront assessment of the risks to the economy and trade associated with the transition to European standards. Now the situation has changed, but the sharpness issue of risk has not diminished. Indeed, there is a chance for a deal of improvement as well as the economy. 

One of the first issues - compliance with environmental requirements, because in this area the volume of financial resources for the implementation of EU standards are among the most important. Based on some preliminary and not entirely correct assessments formed the idea of ​​imposing exorbitant Ukraine to its cost. Consideration of possible risks accompanied with some speculation on the environmental component of the transaction and the value of its investment in Ukraine. The above analysis has prompted more that actually how assessed, and how it relates to the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU. 

A number of countries in Central and Eastern Europe and Turkey today passed or are in the stage of implementation of the EU environmental standards into national practice. Experience they have gained in the development and implementation of investment and financial plans in the environmental field, and can be regarded as the closest reference point for the prediction of relevant costs in Ukraine.

It should be noted that at this time in Ukraine, regardless of the contractual obligations have involved a number of relevant government programs and plans - with the prospect in 2020 in particular, according to the decision of the Cabinet on August 1, 2013 № 927 starting from 24 July 2014 comes into force "Technical Regulation on requirements for motor gasoline, diesel, marine and boiler fuel." This document introduced restrictions on the content of a number of components in fuel and set deadlines for introduction into circulation of petrol and diesel fuels for environmental class Euro 3 (until 31 December 2015), the Euro-4 (up to 31 December 2017) and the Euro-5 (unlimited). That is essentially introduced European standards in accordance with Directive 98/70/EC. Go to the following rules will require extensive renovation of refineries with an investment of about 3.0-3.5 billion. 

Financial analysis of the implementation of plans for a European methodology is to identify and explore possibilities to eliminate the so-called gaps-gaps between the amount of financial resources available and the level of demand in the case of European standards. The above applies to consideration each direction - waste management, wastewater treatment, air pollution and so on. 

If "financial gap" sought additional sources of funds. This could be help from EU funds, grants, loans, additional municipal or state subsidies. 

In general, when faced with Ukraine demands are too high, then, first of all, it should conclusively prove (show). Second, ask about the very short time of implementation of these ekostandartiv and to postpone their implementation. Finally, thirdly, it enables us to justify the need for help from international sources, including the EU funds and loans. If part of the EU institutions in financing costs for the obligations stipulated by Ukraine Association Agreement, we should talk about a possible correction of the latter.

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