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Technology of smart cities

With increasing level of urbanization of society and there are serious economic and environmental problems of intelligent technology allows cities to eliminate the widening gap between supply and demand in reducing the impact of urbanization on the environment. Development of intelligent cities, moreover, provides opportunities to overcome the effects of the global economic downturn by creating new clean production enterprises. 

Basically the way to build smart cities is obvious: embedding sensors, actuators and computers in the objects that are important elements of smart cities. This is not new, and promoted the development of embedded systems industry over the past two decades. New is the scale and environmental requirements. 

Intellectualization of the whole city - a large-scale IT footprinting process for awareness of the seriousness of which need to answer some questions. How many people live in a big city? There is so much residential and office buildings? What is the total length of electrical cables? As there are electrical outlets? How many cars and parking spaces? This set of questions can be very large, and the total number of objects subject intellectualization can easily reach hundreds of millions. Intellectualization only need to install electrical smart meters in each structure that consumes electricity, which will introduce tens of millions of touchscreen devices. Will be needed, and controllers that integrate with the grid IT infrastructure at the production, transmission and consumption of electricity. 

IT will need to create and houses with low power consumption and lack of emissions of CO2. For environmentally friendly electric vehicles will need embedded computers. Mass introduction of IT need to address health care for senior citizens, safety, emergency response, etc.

And required hardware changes - developers will need to tightly integrate processor and communication elements, forming easily used modules. Maybe, just follow the automotive industry experience supplying parts to the same standard functionality, but with different shapes and sizes. 

For the completion of the smart city infrastructure required to include in her platform, providing user access to the intellectual services: set-top boxes, smart phones, publicly available displays, etc. And then there will be a new world of powerful and serious applications, compared to which the App Store will look like just as banal as a traditional grocery store.

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